Clerk Magistrate Hearings
Clerk magistrate hearings are an alternative manner in which someone in Massachusetts can be charged with a crime. Clerk magistrate hearings, also called “show-cause” hearings, can occur after an arrest, or not. These show-cause hearings most often occur in cases in which the police officer did not actually witness the criminal activity. Therefore, instead of there being a typical arrest, the officer files a complaint with the Clerk of the District Court. A clerk magistrate hearing is scheduled during which the magistrate will determine if probable cause exists to issue a criminal charge.
The following two cases making local headlines recently illustrate the concept of a clerk magistrate’s hearing:
In one Massachusetts town, three residents were caught on tape causing over $2,800 in damages to a neighboring homeowner’s property. The homeowners turned their surveillance video over to local police officers but declined to file a complaint. Police have now requested a clerk magistrate hearing to determine whether probable cause exists to press charges against the three individuals.
Meanwhile, in another Massachusetts town, a clerk magistrate’s hearing has been scheduled for the the seventeen year old driver of a vehicle involved in a fatal pedestrian accident over Labor Day weekend. The teen driver, who struck and killed a man walking his dog after his vehicle lost control, will face possible charges of operating a vehicle negligently with a death resulting, speeding, and failure to stay in marked lanes. At the clerk magistrate’s hearing, the magistrate will determine whether there is probable cause to issue a criminal complaint.Initiation of a Clerk Magistrate Hearing
A clerk magistrate hearing is initiated when someone, generally a police officer but not always, files an Application for Criminal Complaint with the Clerk of the District Court. In this document, the complainant (individual making the allegations) asserts that the respondent (person being accused) committed a certain crime or crimes. It is important to note that the respondent is not a criminal defendant--at least not yet. The respondent will only become a criminal defendant if formal charges are filed following the hearing.
After the filing of the complaint, a clerk magistrate hearing is then scheduled and notice is sent to the respondent in the mail. Notices typically arrive through regular mail, so often individuals receiving them do not understand the seriousness of the matter. They may think they are merely being asked to come down to the clerk’s office to correct a minor misunderstanding. This is simply not the case--- the clerk magistrate’s hearing is a critical step towards either the initiation of criminal proceedings, or the end to any legal worries.What Should I Expect at a Clerk Magistrate Hearing?
At the clerk magistrate hearing, the complainant is given the opportunity to present their version of the events, as set out in their Application for Criminal Complaint. Typically the complainant is a police force member, so the hearing will involve the arresting police officer or police prosecutor taking the stand and presenting their side of the incident. Additional witnesses may be called to the stand. You then have the right to testify on your behalf.
After hearing the testimony presented by both sides, the clerk magistrate will determine if probable cause exists to support the allegations set out in the Criminal Complaint. If the probable cause standard is met, the complaint will be accepted and formal criminal charges will issue. The clerk magistrate may, in the alternative, decide to hold the complaint for a specified period of time. this is most often done when the respondent does not have a criminal history. If the respondent does not appear before the clerk magistrate on any additional summons during that time, the complaint will be administratively dismissed-- which means it will not become a part of your record. If the clerk magistrate does not find probable cause exists to support the allegations, then the complaint is dismissed and will not lead to criminal charges or appear on your record.Top Two Facts You Need to Know if You are Facing a Clerk Magistrate Hearing
If you are facing a clerk magistrate hearing, you need to know the following two facts:
1. The Clerk Magistrate Hearing is a Crucial Stage of Proceedings-- even though you have not been formally charged with a crime, you need to take the clerk magistrate hearing very seriously. The clerk magistrate hearing is your opportunity to ensure no criminal charges are issued against you. It is also a critical opportunity to gather the facts concerning the prosecution’s potential case against you. A finding of probable cause at the clerk magistrate hearing will result in criminal charges being lodged against you, which can lead to jail time, fines and fees, and lifetime consequences of a conviction on your record. As you can see, the clerk magistrate hearing is not something to take lightly.The Law Offices of Stephen Neyman can Help
2. You Need an Experienced Criminal Defense Attorney to Represent You-- having a skilled Boston criminal defense attorney represent you at the clerk magistrate hearing is not just recommend, it is necessary. An experienced clerk magistrate hearing attorney understands the nuances of the probable cause standard and the clerk magistrate hearing process. A skilled Boston defense attorney can advise you as to whether or not you should testify, which can make a difference to the finding of probable cause. He or she can also advocate on your behalf that the criminal complaint be held and eventually dismissed. The assistance of a well versed criminal defense attorney is your absolute best defense against ever facing formal criminal charges.
The Law Offices of Stephen Neyman has successfully handled countless clerk magistrate hearings. We understand the seriousness of a clerk magistrate hearing and will fight aggressively for you to avoid any sort of criminal charges. Further, regardless of the ultimate outcome of the hearing, we will use the hearing as an opportunity to discover the weaknesses in the prosecution's potential case, so we can zealously attack their case right from the start. Stephen Neyman will fight tirelessly to protect your legal rights and provide you the best chance to avoid criminal prosecution. Call Stephen Neyman today at (617) 263-6800 for a free phone consultation.
Si usted habla español contacta a nuestro asistente de abogado Maria Rivera en 617-877-6270.
Roxbury District Court: Charges of Domestic Assault and Battery do not Issue After Clerk Magistrate Hearing
On March 7, 2018 members of the Boston Police Domestic Violence unit responded to a Jamaica Plain address. They were met by a thirty year old woman who reported that her boyfriend, the defendant, had just assaulted her after a verbal argument. The woman claimed that the defendant grabbed her by the neck and hair and dragged her through his car ultimately throwing her into the street. Officers observed marks on the woman supporting her complaint. A clerk magistrate hearing scheduled with charges of domestic assault and battery in violation of G.L. c. 265 Section 13A and G.L. c. 265 Section 13M. The victim appeared. Nevertheless, our office was able to convince the clerk not to issue the criminal complaint.
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Boston Municipal Court: Charges of Minor in Possession of Alcohol and Failure to Identify Against College Student Dismissed After Clerk Magistrate Hearing
The defendant is a junior at a local prestigious university. The prosecution alleged that undercover police officers at the Boston Garden observed the woman purchasing alcohol at a concession stand. Believing her to be underaged the officers approached and inquired about her age. The woman, who was twenty at the time lied about her name and age and provided false identification to the police. The police confiscated the alcohol and identification card and summonsed the student to court for a violation of G.L. c. 138 Section 34C, minor in possession of alcohol and G.L. c. 138 Section 34B refusing to identify self to authority. A clerk magistrate hearing was scheduled. Today, our office succeeded in getting the clerk magistrate not to issue the complaint.
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Taunton District Court: Charges of Possession of Class B Drug do not Issue After Clerk Magistrate Hearing
On February 2, 2018 a Taunton, Massachusetts police officer made a routine stop of a motor vehicle after the car made an illegal turn. When the officer approached the driver he noticed the man nervously manipulating objects in his hand, glove box and center console. The officer illuminated his light at which time the driver made an abrupt gesture that appeared to be threatening to the officer. The driver was removed from the car and searched. He was found in possession of crack cocaine and charged with possession of a class B drug, G.L. c. 94C Section 34 and conspiracy to violate the Massachusetts drug laws, G.L. c. 94C Section 40. A clerk magistrate hearing was scheduled. Attorney Neyman appeared and convinced the clerk not to issue the complaint.
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